能源观察家 | 哈萨克斯坦招标采购管理制度与解决采购困难的措施

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摘要:中国在哈萨克斯坦投资项目不断增多。哈国招标采购管理制度主要包括矿产资源使用者采办条例、国资委采办规定及政府公共采购法规。在哈国采购面临的困难包括:采购对于当地生产商的公开性、透明性要求导致采购方被动应对;采购价格不具竞争力,采购成本难以控制;坚戈贬值对中方在哈投资项目采办活动产生显著不利影响;采购规范性、与当地文化的互通互融性有待加强。积极采取以下措施,解决上述困难:合规投标;借助萨姆鲁克-卡泽纳股份公司电子采办信息系统,增加采办透明度,减少或消除暗箱操作;主动与哈国政府及行业主导企业磋商,分步促进哈国标准与国际、中国标准对接和转化;合理选择总承包项目计价货币,提高采办资金使用效率。

关键词:哈萨克斯坦;招标采购;管理制度;项目合作

Preliminary Studies on and Enlightenment from bidding and Procurement Rules of Kazakhstan

BAI Suozhu, ZHAO Gang

(China National Oil &Gas Development Company Limited. Beijing 100034)

Abstract: Kazakhstan, the largest land-lock country in the world, is an important partner of Belt Road Initiative cooperation in Central Asian region. Procurement is the key stage of EPC implementation process of a project as well as the key concern to ensure the smooth investment and construction in Kazakhstan for Chinese investors. Therefore, it is necessary to understand well and systematically such procurement rules. The key points in relation to this procurement topic are tableted, compared and analyzed to ensure complying with such rules by the cooperation project between china and Kazakhstan for investment and cost control.

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